Boxed risk warnings are widely used but have a poor effectiveness record. In general they are used effectively by less than 50% of test subjects, well below our minimum usability standard.

The reasons for the failure of boxed risk warnings are complex. But this review sheds light on the reasons by setting them in a communication framework with an emphasis on designing information holistically to meet peoples’ expectations.

We are undertaking an update of this review based on more recent findings, and welcome your comments towards improving our update.boxed warnings

boxed risk warnings